[ [ Starch ] Any of a group of polysaccharides found in plants that serve as structural material or energy store. Starch exists in higher concentrations in roots and grains and is comprised of 20 to 25% amylose and 75 to 80% amylopectin, depending on the plant source. It is the primary source of carbohydrates calories in the human diet. More ]
Any of a group of [ Polysaccharide ] A carbohydrate molecule comprising of more than ten monosaccharide units linked by glycosidic bonds. They may be linear or highly branched in structure. Enzymatic glycolysis breaks the glycosidic linkages, reducing them into oligosaccharides, disaccharides and monosaccharides. In plants, the role of oligosaccharides and polysaccharides is either structural or energy storage. In humans, their role is energy storage, More found in plants that serve as structural material or energy store.
Starch exists in higher concentrations in roots and grains and is comprised of 20 to 25% [ Amylose ] A polysaccharide comprising of long, unbranched glucose chains. Amylose serves as an energy store in green plants, along with amylopectin which together constitute starch. More and 75 to 80% [ Amylopectin ] A polysaccharide comprising of highly-branched glucose chains, with a similar structure to glycogen but not as highly branched. Amylopectin serves as an energy store in green plants, along with amylose which together constitute starch. More, depending on the plant source. It is the primary source of [ Carbohydrate, Carb, Saccharide ] A group of organic compounds occurring in living tissues, comprising of sugars, starches, and cellulose. Carbohydrates can be divided into four chemical groups: monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides. Shorter-chain carbohydrates (monosaccharides and disaccharides) are generally sweet tasting are commonly referred to as sugars. More calories in the human [ Diet ] • The foods habitually consumed by a person, community or other group. • A specific food regimen such as a weight-loss diet or a vegetarian diet. See Dieting. More.