[ [ Gluconeogenesis ] The generation of glucose from non-carbohydrate substrates such as pyruvate, lactate, glycerol, and glucogenic amino acids. When there is a shortage of dietary carbohydrates, gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis are the primary mechanisms for maintaining blood glucose levels. More ]
The generation of [ Glucose, D-glucose, Dextrose ] A monosaccharide with the molecular formula C6H12O6. The principle isomer of glucose is D-glucose (dextrose). It is the product of photosynthesis and the building block of a number of important carbohydrate polymers, including cellulose. In animals, glucose is the defining sugar of the blood. It is obtained from directly from dietary glucose, and from the More from non-carbohydrate substrates such as pyruvate, lactate, [ Glycerol, Glycerin, Glycerine ] A sugar alcohol, commonly known as glycerin or glycerine, which forms the backbone of triglycerides. It has about 60% of the sweetness of sucrose and 4.3 kcal/gram of energy. More, and glucogenic [ Amino acid ] A simple organic compound containing containing both an amine (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) functional group, along with a side-chain (R group), which is specific to each amino acid. Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins and perform critical roles in biosynthesis and neurotransmitter transport. There are over 500 amino acids known but only 20 More.
When there is a shortage of [ Dietary ] adjective. Relating to the diet [def 1.] or foods consumed. More [ Carbohydrate, Carb, Saccharide ] A group of organic compounds occurring in living tissues, comprising of sugars, starches, and cellulose. Carbohydrates can be divided into four chemical groups: monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides. Shorter-chain carbohydrates (monosaccharides and disaccharides) are generally sweet tasting are commonly referred to as sugars. More, gluconeogenesis and [ Glycogenolysis ] The breakdown of glycogen into glucose via the enzyme glycogen phosphorylase. More are the primary mechanisms for maintaining blood glucose levels.