[ [ Ketosis ] A metabolic state of ketogenesis, where the liver produces ketone bodies as a supplementary energy source. It is characterised by blood concentrations of ketone bodies over 0.5 millimolar, and low levels of insulin and blood glucose, usually triggered by fasting or a dietary shortage of carbohydrates. Compare: Ketoacidosis More ]
A metabolic state of ketogenesis, where the liver produces [ Ketone Bodies ] The three water-soluble molecules, acetoacetic acid, beta-hydroxybutyric acid and acetone, that are produced during the metabolic state of ketosis. Ketone bodies are an important source of energy for the brain and heart during fasting or strenuous exercise. They are converted into acetyl-CoA which then enter the Krebs_cycle to produce ATP. The brain also converts acetyl-CoA into More as a supplementary energy source. It is characterised by blood concentrations of ketone bodies over 0.5 millimolar, and low levels of insulin and blood [ Glucose, D-glucose, Dextrose ] A monosaccharide with the molecular formula C6H12O6. The principle isomer of glucose is D-glucose (dextrose). It is the product of photosynthesis and the building block of a number of important carbohydrate polymers, including cellulose. In animals, glucose is the defining sugar of the blood. It is obtained from directly from dietary glucose, and from the More, usually triggered by fasting or a [ Dietary ] adjective. Relating to the diet [def 1.] or foods consumed. More shortage of [ Carbohydrate, Carb, Saccharide ] A group of organic compounds occurring in living tissues, comprising of sugars, starches, and cellulose. Carbohydrates can be divided into four chemical groups: monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides. Shorter-chain carbohydrates (monosaccharides and disaccharides) are generally sweet tasting are commonly referred to as sugars. More.
Compare: [ Ketoacidosis ] A pathological state marked by extreme state of metabolic ketosis. It decreases the pH of the blood which interferes with respiration by preventing haemoglobin from binding with oxygen, which can result in coma or death due to oxygen starvation. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) occurs in type 1 diabetics when the liver overproduces ketone bodies in response to a More