[ Organic Farming ]
The agricultural production of foods without the use of synthetic pesticides, chemical fertilisers and, more recently, genetically modified organisms (GMO).
Philosophically, organic farming fosters sustainability in agriculture through recycling of resources, ecological and environmental responsibility and conservation of biodiversity.
The organic farming movement arose in the 1940s in response to the industrialization of agriculture that began in the early 20th century. Prior to that, all agriculture could be described as having been organic.